Full Stack Development – Steps to Become a Full Stack Developer

Full stack developer

Hello, to all the Webseeker out there. I am Anshuman Gaur. Today, I want to talk about a famous term in the web development circle, the Full Stack Developer. I am also very fascinated to use this term with my name, but I am not ready yet; there is a long way to go.

A Full-Stack web developer is a term used for a developer who is an all-rounder. Yes, you have read it correctly; he/she has the skills of a front-end developer and a back-end developer.

I don’t know how they pull it off, HAHA, I can’t. There are so many technologies to learn, and each one is a mountain for me personally. For becoming a Full Stack Developer, one should get familiar with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Any Front-End Framework/Library, Back-End Programming Language, Back-End Framework, Databases, and Security Techniques. It was a very brief one-liner. Many of these also have alternatives. You know, this creates problems. One company needs a developer with PHP; another one will prefer Python; the third one will find a NodeJS Programmer. Such a Headache!

Also Read: 5 Best YouTube channels to learn web development

I love these technologies but having a hard time getting proficient in them. But let’s come to this article’s point and look at a complete roadmap for becoming a Full Stack Web Developer.

As we have discussed, a Full Stack Developer is a combination of Front-End and Back-End Developers. Let’s start with Front-End Development:

Front End Development

Front End Development means creating the visual side of the website. It consists of developing the website structure, adding style, and adding interactivity. Its overall goal is to create the part of the website that is visible to the user: the front-end.

Front-End Developers do Front-End Development. These Developers use various technologies to create a visually stunning website for the users. Let’s have a look at them:

HTML

HTML is Hypertext Markup Language. It creates a website’s structure: the divisions, the sections, the forms, images, etc. It has various pre-defined tags to mark the elements in the website. These HTML Tags have a special meaning to the browser, and the content inside them gets formatted according to the tag’s definition.

For Example, some text is written inside <P> tag will display text as a paragraph but, the text is written inside <H1> tag will show that text as a big heading. Check our HTML Tutorial!

CSS

CSS is Cascading Stylesheet. It gives a proper design to a website. All the colors, padding, margins, borders, gradients, etc., are a result of using CSS. It is continuously upgrading, with CSS 3 as the latest version. It also helps create a responsive website that can change its layout according to the screen size of the device it is being viewed.

There are many CSS libraries and frameworks that a developer can use for the rapid development of the website. Some of the famous ones are Bootstrap 4(Framework), Pure CSS, and W3 CSS. These libraries have some pre-styled elements that can be used by adding some classes to HTML elements. These are super easy to use and highly productive. Check Out our Tutorial on CSS, Bootstrap, and Pure CSS.

JavaScript

Here it comes, the most powerful language of our generation, JavaScript. But the good thing with JavaScript is that web developers don’t have to learn the complete JS to create websites. Some Basic information about how it works, and its various web development-related functions, are enough to get started.

JS in Web Development is used to increase user interactivity with the website. Interactive websites are the need of the hour. JS provides so many features for websites like pop-ups, event handling, form validation, etc. Check out our JavaScript Tutorial.

Front-End Framework/Library

After getting familiar with JS, developers can opt to learn a JS Library for fast development. These libraries provide pre-built functions and features that a developer can use to develop the websites quickly. JavaScript is a complex language to code, and these libraries make a developer’s life easier. Some of the famous JS libraries are jQuery, ReactJS, and D3.js.

Don’t get confused by which one is a library and which is a framework. Nowadays, even libraries are powerful enough to be called a framework. For Example, ReactJs is considered both, a library and a framework.

Full stack developer
Full-stack developer

Back-End Development

Back-End is that part of the website which is not visible to the user. It is all the abstract data flow behind a website that keeps it running. An example of Back-End is storing and fetching data from a database, setting connections with servers, server-side data validation, etc.

Back-End is the Backbone of a website. The developers who set-up the Back-End of a website are called Back-End Developers. There are various Back-End technologies to choose from, such as PHP, Python, NodeJS, etc. These technologies, like, PHP and Python, also have Frameworks for Rapid Website Development.

Also Read: Best WordPress courses on Udemy 2021 – Basic to Advance

Back-End Programming Language

A Back-End Programming Language has used to set-up the back-end of a website. It includes PHP, Python, .Net, Ruby, JavaScript, etc. All these languages have their advantages, although PHP and Python are the most popular.

JavaScript can also be used in the Back-End by using NodeJS. NodeJS is a runtime environment for JS to run on the Back-End. It is getting hugely popular day by day, as it offers the stability and robustness of JavaScript in the Back-End. If someone is familiar with JavaScript, then developing with NodeJS would be easy for them, as it also uses the same language.

Back-End Framework

Back-End frameworks are in huge demand. These provide ready-made components that can be used to reduce project development time. Many frameworks work on MVC architecture, which is a modern and productive approach for website development.

Some popular PHP Frameworks are Laravel, CodeIgniter, and CakePHP. For Python, there is Django and Flask. JavaScript has NodeJS, Express, Meteor, etc.

Databases

Knowledge of various databases is also required for Full Stack Development. There are several types of databases like Relational Database, Object-oriented Database, NoSQL DataBases, etc. A developer should know the advantages/disadvantages of using a specific kind of database.

Databases are used to store and retrieve website data with the help of Back-End programming languages. They connect a website with its database. Some popular Databases are MySQL, Oracle, MongoDB, NoSQL, and so on.

Version Control System

A Version Control System is a significant part of a Development Project. A website goes through various versions of development, and each version brings some changes to the website. Version Control System keeps all the version’s information.

It keeps all the logs of even minute changes to the website. Sometimes a developer has to reverse back the changes, so it also offers a rollback facility. Even a team of developers can work together on the same project using Version Control, and all of the updates will be logged for each user. So, even if any update crashes the website or results in undesirable output, developers can roll those changes back.

Git is the most popular version control and is widely used. Some other version control systems are Apache Subversion, Mercurial, Perforce, etc.

Additional Knowledge

A Full Stack Developer should also be familiar with various security issues and their solutions. He/She should be experienced enough to understand website design and user experience. Any skill in addition to Front-End and Back-End Development is an advantage for a Full Stack Developer.

Conclusion

In the end, we can say that Full Stack Development has a long roadmap. Passionate people won’t face much difficulty in learning these technologies. So, Best of Luck to all the developers, whether Front-End, Back-End, or Full-Stack. Thank You!

Also Read: What is Serverless computing? – Serverless computing explained

1 thought on “Full Stack Development – Steps to Become a Full Stack Developer”

  1. Avatar

    Thank you for sharing such an informative blog. As you say, really full-stack developers are focusing on both front-end and back-end development processes and deliver interactive applications.

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