Hello, to all the Webseeker out there. I am Anshuman Gaur. Today, I want to talk about a famous term in the web development circle, the Full Stack Developer. I am also very fascinated to use this term with my name, but I am not ready yet; there is a long way to go.
A Full-Stack web developer is a term used for a developer who is an all-rounder. Yes, you have read it correctly; he/she has the skills of a front-end developer and a back-end developer.
I love these technologies but having a hard time getting proficient in them. But let’s come to this article’s point and look at a complete roadmap for becoming a Full Stack Web Developer.
As we have discussed, a Full Stack Developer is a combination of Front-End and Back-End Developers. Let’s start with Front-End Development:
Front End Development
Front End Development means creating the visual side of the website. It consists of developing the website structure, adding style, and adding interactivity. Its overall goal is to create the part of the website that is visible to the user: the front-end.
Front-End Developers do Front-End Development. These Developers use various technologies to create a visually stunning website for the users. Let’s have a look at them:
HTML is Hypertext Markup Language. It creates a website’s structure: the divisions, the sections, the forms, images, etc. It has various pre-defined tags to mark the elements in the website. These HTML Tags have a special meaning to the browser, and the content inside them gets formatted according to the tag’s definition.
For Example, some text is written inside <P> tag will display text as a paragraph but, the text is written inside <H1> tag will show that text as a big heading. Check our HTML Tutorial!
CSS is Cascading Stylesheet. It gives a proper design to a website. All the colors, padding, margins, borders, gradients, etc., are a result of using CSS. It is continuously upgrading, with CSS 3 as the latest version. It also helps create a responsive website that can change its layout according to the screen size of the device it is being viewed.
There are many CSS libraries and frameworks that a developer can use for the rapid development of the website. Some of the famous ones are Bootstrap 4(Framework), Pure CSS, and W3 CSS. These libraries have some pre-styled elements that can be used by adding some classes to HTML elements. These are super easy to use and highly productive. Check Out our Tutorial on CSS, Bootstrap, and Pure CSS.
Don’t get confused by which one is a library and which is a framework. Nowadays, even libraries are powerful enough to be called a framework. For Example, ReactJs is considered both, a library and a framework.
Back-End is that part of the website which is not visible to the user. It is all the abstract data flow behind a website that keeps it running. An example of Back-End is storing and fetching data from a database, setting connections with servers, server-side data validation, etc.
Back-End is the Backbone of a website. The developers who set-up the Back-End of a website are called Back-End Developers. There are various Back-End technologies to choose from, such as PHP, Python, NodeJS, etc. These technologies, like, PHP and Python, also have Frameworks for Rapid Website Development.
Back-End Programming Language
Back-End frameworks are in huge demand. These provide ready-made components that can be used to reduce project development time. Many frameworks work on MVC architecture, which is a modern and productive approach for website development.
Knowledge of various databases is also required for Full Stack Development. There are several types of databases like Relational Database, Object-oriented Database, NoSQL DataBases, etc. A developer should know the advantages/disadvantages of using a specific kind of database.
Databases are used to store and retrieve website data with the help of Back-End programming languages. They connect a website with its database. Some popular Databases are MySQL, Oracle, MongoDB, NoSQL, and so on.
Version Control System
A Version Control System is a significant part of a Development Project. A website goes through various versions of development, and each version brings some changes to the website. Version Control System keeps all the version’s information.
It keeps all the logs of even minute changes to the website. Sometimes a developer has to reverse back the changes, so it also offers a rollback facility. Even a team of developers can work together on the same project using Version Control, and all of the updates will be logged for each user. So, even if any update crashes the website or results in undesirable output, developers can roll those changes back.
Git is the most popular version control and is widely used. Some other version control systems are Apache Subversion, Mercurial, Perforce, etc.
A Full Stack Developer should also be familiar with various security issues and their solutions. He/She should be experienced enough to understand website design and user experience. Any skill in addition to Front-End and Back-End Development is an advantage for a Full Stack Developer.
In the end, we can say that Full Stack Development has a long roadmap. Passionate people won’t face much difficulty in learning these technologies. So, Best of Luck to all the developers, whether Front-End, Back-End, or Full-Stack. Thank You!